Church Timeline for 2017

A CHURCH TIMELINE for 2017AD
17AD – Jesus is (probably) aged 21 and has thus received the keys of the carpenter’s shop.
117 AD – Date of the earliest known Gospel manuscript, a fragment of John chapter 18, now in the Rylands University Library, Manchester.
217AD – The first known Antipope (there would be 37 up to 1439); Hippolytus of Rome challenge Pope St. Callistus over lenient treatment of the former lapsed, and set himself up as a rival. Later banished to the island of Sardinia with the genuine Pope Pontianus, he would be reconciled, and both he and Pontianus died as martyrs,
317AD – The inception of the Arian heresy; Arius, a presbyter of the church in Alexandria, denied the full deity of the pre-existent Son of God, making the Son the created agent through whom the universe itself was created. “There was a time when he was not”. This teaching was rebutted by the Council of Nicaea (325).
417AD – Declaration that infant baptism is a valid practice and the rule of the Universal Church (confirmed at the Council of Carthage 418).
517AD – Declaration of Pope Hormisdas: “From now on, those who are separated from the communion of the Catholic Church – those who are not in agreement with the Apostolic See – will not have their names read during the Sacred Mysteries”.
617AD – Birth of St. Hilda, in whose abbey of Whitby would be held the important synod (664) by which the church in this land adhered to the customs of Rome rather than those of the Celts.
717AD – The Pact of Umar (named after the caliph in Syria), regulating the behaviour required of a Christians in a Moslem land, e.g. “we shall not display our crosses or our books in the roads or markets; we shall not use bells, but only clappers in our churches, and that very softly; we shall not raise our voices when following the dead”.
817AD – Pope Paschal I (to 824) restores and beautifies many Roman churches after the devastations of the Vandals. His care for religious relics “boosted the prestige of the Pope as an intercessor for all mankind”.
917AD – Reconstruction of the cathedral of Utrecht in Holland (founded by St. Willibrord, companion of St. Boniface), after the final repulsion of Viking raids.
1017AD – Cnut (Canute) crowned king of England, displaying Christian humility to his flattering courtiers by showing even he could not stop the tide; this happened either in Bosham or by Ocean Village in Southampton.
1117AD – Foundation in south London of Merton Priory, where St. Thomas Becket would receive his education.
1217AD – The Dominicans are established as a preaching Order, settling friars in the new universities of Paris and Bologna, and thus setting up the long association between religious orders and the universities.
1317AD – The last year of the Great Famine (from 1315) a time of social upheaval and, with the later Black Death, a weakening of respect for the Church.
1417AD – The Council of Constance brings to an end the Great Schism, which since 1378 had seen two Popes, one in Avignon and one in Rome, with latterly a third contender as well; two were persuaded to resign, the third excommunicated.
1517AD – Martin Luther published his “95 Theses”, allegedly nailed to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, thus initiating the Reformation. But ….
1617AD – … on January 1, Pope Paul V issues a public prayer calling for the reunion of Christendom and the eradication of heresy. The hostile reaction of princes in Germany leads into the disastrous Thirty Year’s War (1618-48).
1717AD – Pope Clement XI, best known as a patron of the arts and scientists, and the one who permitted Catholics to have cats in their homes (previously regarded as pagan), funds the Spanish fleet to repulse the Ottoman Turks, but the Spaniards use this windfall to recapture for themselves the islands of Sardinia and Sicily.
1817AD – Death in Rome of the remarkable Jesuit polymath Fr. Juan Andrés y Morell, who excelled in world history, comparative literature, linguistics and the theory of music.
1917AD – Apparitions of Our Lady at Fatima in Portugal to Bd. Jacinta Marto (7), Bd. Francisco Marto (8) and Lúcia dos Santos (10). Interpretations have revolved around simultaneous events: the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, the taking of Jerusalem by the (Christian) General Allenby, and the Balfour Declaration setting out the plan for a national home for the Jews.
2017AD – The parish of St. Boniface, Southampton, becomes famous in church history because of …………………………………
[please keep Newsletter and fill in blank at the end of 2017].